By A.J. Smith  |   August 29th, 2015
The US EPA published new criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities and practices on April 17th, 2015.  Based on their effective date of October 19th it’s pivotal that you understand your owner operator inspection requirements for Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) disposal units. 
Based on type and designated hazard level you will be required to secure services for:
  • Weekly inspection of CCR surface impoundments by a qualified person,
  • Monthly inspections of CCR units and  instrumentation by a qualified person, and
  • Annual inspections by a qualified professional engineer (effective January 19, 2016).
To complicate matters many CCR impoundments that contain earthen fill embankments are subject to state dam safety regulations based on their hazard level classification. 
Due to recent events, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is moving towards classifying all ash impoundments as high-hazard dams.  In Ohio, most ash impoundments are Class II (medium-hazard) structures by the Department of Natural Resources. In addition to regular inspections, many of these impoundments are required to have Emergency Action Plans (EAP) and Operation, Maintenance & Inspection (OM&I) Manuals in place.  If original, engineered construction plans are not available, the dams may be required to be assessed for stability.  The assessment would include a geotechnical investigation, slope stability analysis, hydraulic analysis of spillway systems and an as-built survey.
It is important to note that ash impoundments that are no longer in use may be removed from regulatory requirements by a formal closure process.  A pond closure may include removal or regrading of the ash, capping of the ash material with clay soil or a liner, breaching of an embankment, or some combination thereof.  Design considerations include: stability of remaining embankments, lowering of the water table within the impoundment, capping of remaining ash with an impervious material, monitoring of water levels during and after construction, and revegetation and reclamation of the site.
For more information on Dam Safety please click here
A.J. Smith, Senior Project Manager
A.J. Smith focuses on geotechnical and water resources projects.  He has used his geotechnical engineering and hydraulics and hydrology (H&H) expertise to work on a number of earthen dam and up-ground reservoir projects.  He has worked with ODNR on the investigation and rehabilitation of multiple state-owned dams, where different divisions of ODNR have been the owner, client and regulatory agency.  A.J. has performed inspections and investigations of existing dams for dam and spillway repairs.  He has designed spillway pipes and channels, lake drain systems, armored dam embankments, multi-billion gallon up-ground reservoirs, dam repairs, and stream bank stabilizations.  He has performed analyses of dams and downstream river systems to model breach flows and prepare inundation maps.
A.J. is a licensed Professional Engineer in the states of Ohio and Kentucky.  He holds a Master of Science in Civil Engineering, specializing in Geotechnical Engineering from The Ohio State University and a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from Ohio Northern University.  He is a member of the Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO) and is a Certified Floodplain Manager (CFM).
By Tim Giardiana  |   June 16th, 2015

risk based routing; waste routing; routing evaluation; risk reduction

When your company describes its values are words like "community", "safety" and "accountability" used?  Chances are if you are in the business of providing services you feel a great sense of responsibility to minimize risk and protect the local community.
When routing your vehicles they key is balancing overall efficiency with safety.  How can you optimize vehicle traffic, reduce risk and drive expenses down?  The answer – Risk Based Routing.
The Dilemma
Typically, little attention is devoted to your vehicles when they leave your facility.  Questions related to when they leave and what roads they will take may not be considered.  But, the “when” and the “where” are pivotal questions.  Ask and the answers will change the way you provide services to your communities while minimizing risk.
The time has come to have an honest discussion about the risks related to routing and face the issues head-on.  Time spent during rush hour, or worse yet, when school busses are delivering students can be reduced and even eliminated. 
The Perception
Yes, the old saying “Perception is Reality” is so true.  People believe and make assumptions based on what they hear and read in the news. 
Your trucks that leave your facility are typically owned and operated by you.  Now some may be subcontractors or other procured vendors…but they are on your watch.  While out in the community they are your company.  If the community experience traffic disruption or accidents involving any of these vehicles the perception is your company is responsible.
The Solution
Optimal route with minimal exposure.  Sounds simple.  The answer is slightly more complex but it does have a name…risk based routing.
It’s the planning that can become complicated.  Vital to any company is the consideration of risks and their associated costs.  While planning may not eliminate all incidents, it will minimize the risks attributed to root causes.  To effectively analyze risks and quantify anticipated costs software must be used. 
Simply put, software paired with industry knowledge can keep you and your company off the 6 O’clock news and the front page of the local newspaper.  Out on the streets you risk the reputation of your company every day.  Risk based routing is the best planning process available to minimize risk and protect your business. 
Tim Giardiana, Vice President Waste Management
As the Vice President of Hull’s Waste Management Market, Tim leads the growth of strategic sales and business development activities.  He continues to build on Hull’s strong track record of project successes, maintaining and enhancing our reputation as an industry leader.
Tim has more than 28 years of consulting and market planning experience in the waste industry, including 14 years in senior level management in Central Ohio. His expertise encompasses strategic business planning and sales; operations management and efficiencies; mergers and acquisitions; and team development. He has been Project Manager working with major US cities across the country performing efficiency reviews, waste composition studies, sustainability and routing logistic projects. 
Tim holds a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
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